Cycling is a year-round sport and outdoor activity, for which the bicycle is used. The name come from the words "cycle" and "moving".

Bicycle is one of the eldest, the most simple, and therefore popular means of transportation on two wheels. On a par with the invention of the wheel itself, it is one of the most ingenious creations of man. This is why there is a famous saying, "You can't invent the bicycle twice". But the basis of any bicycle is the triangular frame, as well as the saddle, handlebars, and pedals. There’re many types of bikes, depending on the conditions and tasks of riding: for example, road bicycle racing, cyclo-cross, mountain bike racing, track cycling, BMX, cycle speedway, and even artistic cycling, cycle polo, freestyle BMX.

You can bike anywhere, but usually on paved roads (city and road bike) or mountain trails (mountain bikes). Daily use of bicycles is especially common in Europe: Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark. Mountain biking is widespread in regions with hilly or mountainous terrain, and BMX can only be used on specially prepared tracks.

Cycling is possible at any time of the year, but winter riding requires special training of the rider and bike.

The ability to combine commuting with a sporting activity beneficial to health, which, in addition, unlike motor transport, is not harmful to the planet, is the main pleasure and benefits of cycling. Although you can also travel long distances on a bicycle (bike touring) as well as participate in competitions or become a professional athlete. Bicycle racing, mountain bike racing, and BMX are Olympic sports. One of the most famous cycling events in the world is the Tour de France.


Text: Ivan Kuznetsov. Natalia Kirasheva contributed to this guide

Cover photo: Coen Van de Broek / Unsplash

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