A kite is a kind of kitesurfing sail, similar in some ways to a parachute. Without it you can't do this sport — you just can't fly anywhere. And, just like in many other sports, kites come in many types.
There are two main types of kites: tube kites and parafoils. They are fundamentally different in design and the possibilities of their use.
Let's understand in this article the different kitesurfing kite types.
A foil kite looks like a parachute or wing. Its canopy doesn’t have a rigid frame, so the shape is maintained by the oncoming air flow, which enters through special air intakes. In closed-type parafoils, these air intakes are closed by valves — because of them the parafoil is ‘afraid of the water’. If it falls, water can get into the valves and the kite will lose its flight properties.
A parafoil is lightweight and compact, more durable, and frost resistant. But it’s more difficult to control and less stable under strong gusts. Choose a foil kite for snowkiting, high-speed rides, for riding only in light wind (less than 5 m/s) or only at air temperatures below -20 ° С.
If you are planning to use the kite for riding on water, choose an inflatable one.
The frame of such a kite is created by inflatable balloons, which are located along the leading edge of the wing and across it. Inflatable kites don’t sink, are easily restarted from water, have a wide wind range, and are well controlled in gusts. It is better to start and land such a kite from the shore with a partner, because hitting the surface too hard may rupture the balloons or bubble.
In addition, today there are several basic types of inflatable kites:
C-kites have an arched dome profile and rectangular ‘ears’ — similar to the letter C. C-kites are characterized by fast dome turns, high thrust, and narrow wind range, and are difficult to restart from water. This kite type is suitable for experienced kiteboarders and is designed for freestyle. It’s not suitable for beginners, nor is it used for freeriding or racing.
It got its name from its ‘flat’ dome with a larger working area. They have a wide wind range and a high level of safety. Bow kites are easier to restart than C-kites and have better thrust release. Suitable for beginner kitesurfers.
Hybrid kites have the advantage of bow kites and intuitive C-kite handling. These kites are sure to have a support leading-edge (SLE), a C-arch, a high level of safety, and a good restart. This kite type is suitable for confident kiteboarders and is designed for freeride, freestyle, and wave riding.
Seen from above, they look like the letter D. Delta kites are characterized by easy restarting, steady behavior, and wide wind range. This kite type is intended for freeriding, but it can also be used for practicing the initial freestyle tricks. Great for beginner kiters for training.
Cover photo: peggy-anke / unsplash Text: Natalia Kirasheva.